manufacturers and wholesellers Since 1990.

Mined in Sri Lanka since the 8th Century BC, ancient Hindu and Burmese miners believed that colourless or pale pink sapphires were rubies which were yet to ripen.

Rubies are an important symbol for Islam, as on his expulsion from paradise and arrival in mecca, Adam was shown a ruby canopy, over which he built the Ka'bah – now a main Muslim shrine.

The Black Prince's Ruby, now in the Imperial State Crown of England, and part of the crown jewels since 1367, was discovered to be a spinel in the 19th century.